Eating chemical food continuously will allow it to accumulate and affects our genes as it has been shown on children in the group of villages around Padre in Kasargod, leading to the birth of handicapped children. The book ‘Silent Spring’ by Rachel Carson gives details about the ill effects of chemical agriculture as early as 1960′s.
Due to increase in population and migration of people to urban areas, fertile agricultural land has been converted into houses and other infrastructures thus, reducing the land for cultivation. By 2030, people living in cities will reach nearly 60 per cent.
Increasing residential development and associated industrial activity has lead to severe impacts on the natural environment. Loss of habitat and biodiversity, flooding due to increased run off, pollution of air, soil and waterways, introduction of weed species and feral animals, loss of public amenity and siltation of local creeks are some of the problems associated with unchecked urban development.
Urban farming is gaining momentum over years. Beyond food security for so many urban residents, the awareness for safe and nutritious food among consumers is driving them to think at ways and means of cultivating fruits and vegetables what they eat. The process can encourage the urban green cover, which is getting depleted to satisfy the growing needs at towns and cities. The need is being felt by the policy makers, economists, nutritionists and all are looking at guidelines to promote urban crop cultivation.
The only way to counter the health hazards of chemical poisons in food is to take up organic gardening. With the pressure building on land and its cost in the urban areas, there is hardly any space to have a garden. So, if one wants to grow vegetables and fruits domestically the only alternative is organic terrace gardening which provides the ideal space.
Terrace garden/ing is a simple but definite step towards increasing our green cover irrespective of space restriction. This is an option yet achievable activity for many urban dwellers to cultivate the food crops of their choice. This felt need can be a real movement by sharing and spreading know-how amongst us. However, the learning has to happen experimentally because of diverse needs and other growth situations.